You are currently browsing the category archive for the ‘Culture’ category.

greta.jpg

garbo1.jpgBorn on this day September 18, 1905 in Stockholm, Sweden as Greta Lovisa Gustafsson to Anna Lovisa Johansson and Karl Alfred Gustafsson who died when she was only fourteen years old.  The loss of her father forced Greta and her two siblings to quit school and go to work to help out the family, she started work as a lather girl in a barbershop, then as a clerk at a department store and was soon modeling in newspaper ads for that store.  This led to some advertising films, then to her first real film role in the movie Peter The Tramp in 1922.  In the next two years she would gain acting experience with her study at the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm, have a major role in the film, Gosta Berlings Saga in 1924 and get her stage name, Greta Garbo.  She then starred in two more Swedish films, then one in Germany, The Joyless Street in 1925 at the age of eighteen.  Greta would make it to the United States of America and star in a few more silent films, the best known of these, Flesh and the Devil in 1926, The Temptress in 1926 and Love in 1927.  She was a huge success when “talkie” movies started and she would not be one of the many silent film stars left behind, her last silent film was The Kiss in 1929.  Garbo’s low husky voice with her Swedish accent was first heard in the movie Anna Christie in 1930, which was promoted with the slogan “Garbo Talks.”  She would get nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance.  Also in 1930, she filmed the movie Romance and then in 1931 the movie Susan Lenox with Clark Gable which led to her title role in mata-hari.jpgMata Hari also in 1931.  She would show another great performance in the hit movie Grand Hotel in 1932 which won the Best Picture Oscar. In 1935 she made the movie Anna Karenina and gave the performance of a lifetime, until she starred in Camille in 1936 and her performance was called by some the finest ever recorded on film.  She stared in the movie Ninotchka in 1939 before making her last film in 1941, Two Faced Woman.  After World War II Greta would retire and felt her films had their rightful place in history.  She became a naturalized citizen of the United States of America in 1951.  Greta Garbo was ranked as the fifth greatest female star of all time by the American Film Institute.  She was given an Honorary Oscar “for her unforgettable screen performances” in 1955.  At the age of eighty-four Greta died on April 15, 1990.– There are two quotes I found from many that I think sum up the toughness, Greta must have had to have, to be the huge star she was, always in the public eye, never left alone.  Her quotes also show the loneliness that must also come with that kind of fame.  “There are many things in your heart you can never tell a person.  They are you, your private joys and sorrows, and you can never tell them.  You cheapen yourself, the inside of yourself, when you tell them.”  and  “Life would be so wonderful if we only knew what to do with it.” Greta Garbo

garbo.jpg

 Thanks to Thepowesurge for this video.

Thanks to Greathall75 for this video.

On this day September 16, there were two television shows that started, one was in 1963 and the other was in 1977.  Do you remember them, as I think back I liked both of them.  Although now they seem slow like most older movies or shows in this fast world we live in today.  They seem a bit queer too.  In the first one the alien must have been talking about Democrats!

 Thanks to Dreamer2TV for the LeAnn Rimes video.

flag.jpg

 

President James Madison and his wife Dolly barely escaped to safety as the British set the President’s Manson, the Capitol and other public buildings ablaze as they captured Washington in 1814, even though they were out numbered two to one by the Americans.  The British had also captured a Dr. William Beanes who happened to be a friend of Mr. Frances Scott Key a Georgetown lawyer, husband and father of six boys and five girls.  Mr. Key and John S. Skinner, a US Government agent went to the British forces in Chesapeake to deal for the release of Dr. Beanes, they explained to the British Officers that the doctor had saved wounded British solders lives.  The British agreed to the release of Dr. Beanes but detained the three men on a ship until after their planned attack on Baltimore, America’s third largest city at that time.  Having planned a joint attack by land and water, the British General Ross and his troops landed in Maryland and soon ran into the American front forces, where British General Ross would meet his demise by the bullet of a sharp shooter.  The British forces having under estimated the strength of the Americans, pulled back to wait for the cover of darkness for their next attack on the evening of September 13, 1814.  Meanwhile the British navy had made its way to a position to attack Fort McHenry, that same morning September 13, at 6:30 am the British Admiral Cochrane’s ships, with Mr. Key aboard, began its attack.  For twenty-four hours the British rained down ten and thirteen inch bombshells and rockets that burst into flames and fell on Fort McHenry and her defenders, who were too far out of range to return fire.  When the British ships moved closer, the Americans gained their range and damaged the British ships so badly it forced them to pull back.  The Americans held the powerful British Navy off all night and at 7:30 on the morning of September 14, the British Admiral Cochrane called off the attack, and this was one of the main turning points in the War of 1812.

In June of 1813 Mary Pickersgill was commissioned by Major George Armistead to sew two flags for Fort McHenry.  The first flag measured 17 feet by 25 feet and since it was a stormy day on September 13, 1814 this was the flag that was flying over Fort McHenry during the raging battle between the British Fleet and Fort McHenry.  At dawn, the morning of September 14, 1814 as the British began to retreat, Major Armistead ordered his men to raise the larger flag that Mary Pickersgill and her daughter, two nieces, and an indentured African American girl had sewn.  This flag is “The Star Spangled Banner,” that inspired Mr. Frances Scott Key to write his poem that would later become our national anthem.  This Flag measured a huge thirty feet by forty-two feet wide, the modern garrison flags used today by the United States Army only measure 20 by 38 feet.  The flag is about the equivalent of a quarter the size of a basketball court.  The fifteen stars are each a massive two foot wide from point to point and each or the fifteen strips measure two feet wide.  The flag was made out of English wool and the stars are cotton.

Every time I hear this song it chokes me up because I love this country so much.  It is truly the best Country in the world.  I dedicate this post not only to the American forces fighting for our Freedom but for all men and women who acknowledge the danger and fight this fight.  May The Almighty God Bless you all and keep you safe.  The song we sing as our national anthem is usually sung with only the first part or verse.  Here is the whole poem by Frances Scott Key.

O say, can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore, dimly seen thro’ the mist of the deep,
Where the foe’s haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o’er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning’s first beam,
In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream
’Tis the star-spangled banner. Oh! long may it wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion
A home and a country should leave us no more?
Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps’ pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave,
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Oh! thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved homes and the war’s desolation,
Blest with vict’ry and peace, may the Heav’n-rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: “In God is our Trust”
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

star-spagled-banner.jpg

claudette.jpg

Claudette is considered one of the greatest film stars of all time.  She was very popular in the 1930’s and 1940’s.  She was born on this day September 13, 1903 as Lily Claudette Chauchoin in Paris, Seine, France.  Her family emigrated to the United States of America when she was three years old.  Three years later her family settled in New York City where she would become a US citizen.  From her early school days she wanted to be on Broadway, she acted in some plays during high school and made her stage debut at the age of fifteen at the Provincetown Playhouse in the play The Widow’s Veil.  She would make her Broadway debut in 1923 in the stage production of The Wild Wescotts.  Although Broadway was the place to be in those days not Hollywood, the Great Depression forced her to seek other income as many of the play houses were shutting down.  She was now using her Grandmothers maiden name Colbert, when she made her first film in New York City, For The Love of Mike, her only silent film in 1927.  Colbert went on to make many successful films and in 1932 she played the Roman empress Poppaea in Cecil B. DeMille’s movie The Sign of the Cross and also that same year in The Phantom President.  In 1934 paired with Clark Gable, she was selected for Best Actress and won the Academy Award for Best Picture, in the film It Happened One Night, probably her most famous movie.  She was also a big success in the movies Cleopatra and Imitation of Life, both in 1934.  Other movies include The Bride Comes Home in 1935, Midnight in 1939, It’s a Wonderful World in 1939, with James Stewart, also Tomorrow Is Forever in 1946 and Without Reservations in 1946, co-starring John Wayne. In 1955, she filmed Texas Lady then in 1961 the movie Parrish was her final screen performance. At the age of ninety-two Claudette died on July 30, 1996.

colbert.jpg

geronimo.jpg

young-geronimo.jpgGeronimo, Spanish for “Jerome” or Goyathlay, “One Who Yawns,” as he was known to the Apache, was born in 1829 in what is today western New Mexico, and lived in the border region around Mexico’s Sierra Madre and southern Arizona and New Mexico. The year 1858 was one of the worst moments in Geronimo’s life, when he returned home to find his wife, his mother and his three young children murdered by Mexican soldiers during a brutal attack on his village in Chihuahua, Mexico. Though Geronimo later remarried and fathered other children, the  memory of that tragedy left him with an extreme hatred for Mexicans.  Geronimo was not a hereditary leader but appeared to be because he was often the spokesman for Juh his brother-in-law, a Chiricahua Chief (the tribe of Apache that lived south of Geronimo’s Bedonkohe tribe), who had a speech impediment.  He was also highly respected among the other Apache Chiefs who depended on his wisdom.  Geronimo became the most famous Apache of all time because he fought against anyone who invaded his homeland and  forgeronimo-medicine-dress.jpg decades Geronimo and his men successfully eluded the U.S. Army’s attempts to control him and  hold him to a reservation.  He finally surrendered for the final time on this day September 4, 1886 to General Nelson A. Miles in Skeleton Canyon, Arizona.  He became the last native American warrior to formally surrender to the United States.  At the end, his group consisted of only 16 warriors, 12 women, and 6 children.  The US government breached its agreement with Geronimo and he and about 450 Apache’s were shipped to Fort Marion, Florida and a year later about a quarter of them would die from tuberculosis and other diseases as many of them were relocated again to the Mt. Vernon barracks in Alabama.  In 1894 they were removed once again to Fort Sill in Oklahoma.  On Feb. 17, 1909, Geronimo died a prisoner of war, unable to return to Arizona, he was buried in the Apache cemetery at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Before Geronimo’s death he embraced Christianity and said “Since my life as a prisoner has begun I have heard the teachings of the white man’s religion, and in many respects believe it to be better than the religion of my fathers. However, I have always prayed, and I believe that the Almighty has always protected me.  Believing that in a wise way it is good to go to church, and that associating with Christians would improve my character, I have adopted the Christian religion. I believe that the church has helped me much during the short time I have been a member. I am not ashamed to be a Christian, and I am glad to know that the President of the United States is a Christian, for without the help of the Almighty I do not think he could rightly judge in ruling so many people. I have advised all of my people who are not Christians, to study that religion, because it seems to me the best religion in enabling one to live right.” (this quote was taken from “Geronimo in his own words”) Link

“I cannot think that we are useless or God would not have created us. There is one God looking down on us all. We are all the children of one God. The sun, the darkness, the winds are all listening to what we have to say.” Geronimo

princess-diana.jpg