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genghis-khan.jpgТэмyжин, Temüjin, Genghis Khan, Pronounced: ( jeng’gis kän’ or, often, geng’-), was one of, the greatest military conquerors of all time.  In 1167 he was born the son of Yesukai, his Father a tribal chief,  in central Mongolia along the Onion River near Lake Baikal in Russia, into the Borjigin clan.  Some accounts say he was named Temüjin after an enemy of his Fathers whom Yesukai had a great deal of  respect for. When his Father was poisoned by a rival tribe, Temüjin was taken captive at just nine years old and before long escaped and returned to his tribe.  By working with other clans and conquering enemy tribes he gained a great deal of respect as a strong leader and was soon given the name Genghis Khan which meant “universal lord” or “rightful lord.”  Genghis was considered by many to be a military genius by the way he  organized his armies in multiples of ten, ten to a squad, ten squads to a company, and so on.  He also established rank by a persons achievement rather than by blood or relations, which created a great deal of trust and respect from his horde(tribe).  Khan encouraged trade between China and Europe which allowed him to gain supplies and weapons, also a type of pony express was put into place in order to communicate to and from long distances. A similar system is still in use today.  He and his hordes, military makeup, consisted of heavy lance and swordsmen and also lightly armored bowmen all mounted on horseback, which made for a swift, mobile army.  Although Khan was often referred to as a Barbarian, he would give the people and tribes he conquered the choice to join the horde instead of death, so obviously their numbers grew quickly.  Once he had all the native territories under his command, he set his goal on conquering all of China, starting with the northwest kingdom of Xi Xia.  He conquered most of China between 1215 and 1218, when he decided to move his assault  into central Asia.  Kingdom after Kingdom fell to his army from present day Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan to modern day Iran. By 1223, Genghis Khan and his horde had even defeated the Russians. It had taken Genghis Khan only seventeen years to create an empire superior in strength to Alexander the great, Julius Caesar and even Hannibal. His Empire stretched from Poland in the West to Korea in the East and from Vietnam in the south to the Artic Russian shores in the north. Genghis Khan was at war with the Yi Yia kingdom until his death on this day August 18, 1227.  He was buried in a secret location in Mongolia.  Genghis’s son Kublai Khan took over the empire Which led the way for the Yuan dynasty.  The empire Genghis Khan had established lasted for a hundred and fifty years.  In Mongolia he is celebrated and considered a national hero till this day.  The name Genghis Khan still evokes strength, military superiority and the accomplishment of world domination.

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