truman.jpg

Before sending a cable to U.S. President Harry S. Truman, the Japanese government announced over Radio Tokyo that “acceptance of the Potsdam Proclamation would be coming soon.”  Later that day at noon August 15, 1945 the Emperor Hirohito announced that Japan had accepted the terms of The Potsdam Declaration.  The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender was a statement issued on July 26, 1945 by Harry S. Truman, Winston Churchhill, and Chiang Kai-shek which outlined the terms of surrender for Japan, it stated that if Japan did not surrender, it would face “prompt and utter destruction.”  The North American date for the ending of combat of World War II was on this day August 14, 1945.  Even though Japan had submitted a formal declaration of surrender on August 10, two days after on August 12, a Japanese submarine sank two American ships the Oak Hill, a landing ship, and the Thomas F. Nickel, a destroyer.  By October 7, 1945, a 1,000,000 Japanese soldiers had surrendered in Peking, many were being sent home. The Soviet POWs would wait years to return to Japan. The last POW announced  wanting to go home just last year in 2006.

Advertisements